Digestive Enzymes: Should You Take Them?
Are you trying to repair a leaky gut? Do you suffer from chronic digestive issues such as gas, bloating, indigestion, or constipation? Do you experience reflux after a meal? Or do you see pieces of undigested food or a fatty substance in your stool? If so, your body may not be producing enough digestive enzymes, or your enzymes may not be working as well as they should. This is a common issue I see in my patients with chronic disease.
So what are digestive enzymes, and what causes enzyme deficiency? Most importantly, how can you maintain healthy levels of digestive enzymes and support your body with Complete Enzymes?
What Are Digestive Enzymes?
When you eat, your body breaks down the food into micro- and macronutrients that can then be absorbed and used by your body. Digestive enzymes are small proteins that act on specific molecules within foods to break them down.
For example, enzyme lactase is responsible for breaking down the milk sugar called lactose. People who are missing this enzyme are not able to digest milk. This is known as “lactose intolerance.1” Similarly, there are many other enzymes that each work on a specific type of molecule. If you are deficient in any of these enzymes, your body may not be breaking down food as well as it should, leading to major issues in the digestive tract.
The digestion process begins in your mouth, where saliva starts breaking down your food. From there your food travels to your stomach, where stomach acid, primarily hydrochloric acid (HCL), begins breaking down proteins. When you eat, the pancreas receives a hormonal signal to release pancreatic juice into the small intestine. The majority of digestive enzymes are made by the pancreas. Pancreatic juice contains several digestive enzymes, as well as bicarbonate to neutralize the acid from your stomach. The enzymes work in the small intestine to break down the food so it can be absorbed2. Enzymes produced by the pancreas include:
- Amylases: breaks down starches (complex carbohydrates)
- Lipases: breaks down fats
- Proteases and Peptidases: breaks down proteins
In addition, there are a number of enzymes located near the lining of the small intestine (the brush border3), most of which break down disaccharides into simple sugars, which can then be absorbed from the intestines into the bloodstream.
How Do Digestive Enzymes Affect Gut Health?
As I always say, you aren’t what you eat, you’re what you digest and absorb. If your food is not properly digested and absorbed in your small intestines, it can lead to malnourishment, because not enough nutrients are being absorbed by your body. In addition, as the undigested food travels through the digestive tract it provides food for the “bad” bacteria4, causing gas and bloating, and leading to dysbiosis as the bad bacteria begin to outnumber the good bacteria. The amount and type of undigested food that reaches the large intestine may have an important impact on the balance of good and bad bacteria in the colon.
I recommend using a probiotic supplement to support a healthy, balanced environment in the gut.
What Causes Digestive Enzyme Deficiency?
Now that we understand the importance of digestive enzymes, let’s look at what causes digestive enzyme deficiency.
Conventional medicine recognizes few causes of digestive enzyme deficiency, and they are only the extreme cases, including acute or chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, cancer of the pancreas, gallbladder removal, and diseases of the small intestine affecting the brush border, such as Crohn’s or Celiac disease.
Functional medicine, on the other hand, recognizes many underlying health issues that can contribute to enzyme deficiency. Leaky gut is the most common culprit because it destroys the brush border of your small intestines. Inflammation from food sensitivities and toxins also decreases enzyme production, as well as chronic stress, genetics, and aging. Not to mention, low stomach acid can also play a role because an acidic environment is necessary to activate enzymes responsible for protein digestion.
Functional medicine also differs from conventional medicine in that conventional medicine views enzyme deficiency as a black and white issue — you either have “normal” levels or you are severely deficient. In functional medicine, we see wellness as a spectrum and recognize that just because you’re not to the point of severe deficiency, doesn’t mean that your levels are optimal or that your health won’t improve by increasing them.
In my experience as a physician, I find that increasing digestive enzymes eases the burden of many of the most common root causes of chronic disease, including leaky gut, infections such as Candida or SIBO, and chronic inflammation due to a poor diet.
How Do You Treat Digestive Enzyme Deficiency?
In functional medicine, we use the 4R Approach to heal your gut, and replenishing your digestive enzymes through a digestive enzyme supplement is a key part of step number two: “Restore what’s missing.” Restoring digestive enzymes not only ensures you can properly break down and absorb the nutrients from your food, digestive enzymes may improve uncomfortable symptoms of gastrointestinal problems.
So, if you’re overcoming a leaky gut, transitioning from a diet of processed foods, having digestive issues such as gas, bloating, indigestion, reflux, diarrhea, constipation, or undigested food in your stool, I recommend giving digestive enzymes a try. Choose a supplement that contains a complete range of enzymes, such as my Complete Enzymes formula, which is also available in a chewable form.
If you have low stomach acid levels and are suffering from acid reflux, you might also want to consider adding an HCL supplement. If you don’t know whether your stomach acid is low, there is a simple test you can do to find out. You can take one capsule of HCL with water before a meal, and then see how you feel after about 30 minutes. If you feel a burning sensation, you don’t need to take supplemental HCL. However, if you feel nothing you probably need to add an HCL supplement.
From Gut Health to Total Health
With The Myers Way®, I look at how many seemingly unrelated factors come together to create a state of health, or a state of disease. Even when your symptoms seem as if they have nothing to do with your gut, your gut health affects your whole body.
My entire month-long plan to prevent and reverse the full spectrum of inflammatory symptoms and diseases is outlined in The Autoimmune Solution, and it all begins with repairing your gut. This is the same approach I have used in my clinic to successfully treat thousands of patients. So what are you waiting for?
- Causes and Diagnosis of Lactose Intolerance. NCBI. 2018.
- The Role of Digestive Enzymes in Gastrointestinal Disorders. Ann Pietrangelo. Healthline. 2020.
- The Secretion and Action of Brush Border Enzymes in the Mammalian Small Intestine. Diane Hooton, Roger Lentle, John Monro, Martin Wickham, Robert Simpson. NCBI. 2015.
- Undigested Food and Gut Microbiota May Cooperate in the Pathogens of Neuroinflammatory Diseases: A Matter of Barriers and a Proposal on the Origin of Organ Specificity. Paolo Riccio, Rocco Rossano. NCBI. 2019.
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